Stages of Gum Disease
Written by: Dr. Clifford Melnick, DMD
Gum disease can range from a minor problem to a severe problem. It’s important that you brush your teeth regularly, floss every night, and meet with your dentist twice a year. Doing so will prevent major dental health issues from occurring. There are different stages of gum disease, and the earlier it can be caught and treated, the better. The team here at our Manhattan cosmetic dentistry practice would like to take a moment to look at these different stages of gum disease and what they entail. We’ll briefly go over some treatment options as well.
About Gum Disease and its Causes
Gum disease refers to the bacterial infection of the gums. Bacteria is normally found in the mouth and can cause bad breath and tooth decay. Should your gums be affected by the bacteria, major problems can ensue. Smoking, diabetes, poor nutrition, and other factors can contribute to gum disease as well. We’ll use the latest diagnostic techniques and equipment at our dental practice serving Midtown and the Upper East Side to identify gum disease during your visit.
Gingivitis and its Symptoms
The earliest stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis. Some of the common symptoms of gingivitis are as follows:
- Swelling of the gums
- Discoloration of the gums
- Bleeding of the gums
- Bad breath (halitosis)
Periodontitis and its Symptoms
A more severe stage of gum disease is periodontitis. This stage usually involves the following symptoms:
- More severe swelling of the gums
- Purple or red gums
- Receding gums
- Bad breath
- Major bleeding of the gums
- Strange taste in the mouth
- Wiggling or loose teeth
Advanced Periodontitis and its Symptoms
If left untreated, periodontitis can progress to advanced periodontitis. This is the most severe form of gum disease and will require laser dentistry treatment options as well as many other soft tissue therapies. The symptoms of advanced periodontitis include all of the above symptoms as well as:
- Tooth misalignment
- Increased space between teeth
- Exposure of tooth roots
- Tooth loss
Treatment of Gum Disease
There are numerous treatments available for gum disease based on your needs. For gingivitis, usually root planning/root scaling is performed to remove bacteria from the gumline around the tooth root. Special medicated rinses are often provided as well to help manage the bacterial infection. For more advance treatment needs, laser therapies, surgeries, and grafting treatments may be used.
If you have lost a tooth or need a tooth extracted due to advanced periodontitis, then you may be eligible to get Manhattan dental implants. These artificial tooth roots can anchor a dental crown, a dental bridge, or a denture in place. This will be part of a full smile makeover and restorative dental care treatment.
Assessing Your Needs and Restoring Your Dental Health
As you can see, there are many options available to address your problems, whether you’re dealing with gingivitis or advanced periodontitis. Rest assured that we have comprehensive gum disease treatment and periodontal care services that will help restore the health and appearance of your smile.
Learn More Gum Disease Treatments and Dental Health
If you would like more information about gum disease and how it can be treated, be sure to contact our Midtown Manhattan cosmetic dentistry practice today. Our entire team looks forward to meeting you in person and addressing all of your unique needs for enhanced dental health and dental care.